Månadsarkiv: december 2016

Liberalismen hotas från tre håll

Den klassiska liberalismen (eller libertarianismen) hotas framförallt från tre håll idag. Tom Palmer, som bl.a. är senior fellow på Cato Institute, har för denna tankesmedja skrivit en policy report som beskriver detta: ”A New, Old Challenge: Global Anti-Libertarianism”  Utdrag:

”A spectre is haunting the world: the spectre of radical anti-libertarian movements, each grappling with the others like scorpions in a bottle and all competing to see which can dismantle the institutions of liberty the fastest. Some are ensconced in the universities and other elite centers, and some draw their strength from populist anger. The leftist and the rightist versions of the common anti-libertarian cause are, moreover, interconnected, with each fueling the other. All explicitly reject individual liberty, the rule of law, limited government, and freedom of exchange, and they promote instead radical, albeit aggressively opposed, forms of identity politics and authoritarianism. They are dangerous and should not be underestimated.

In various guises, such movements are challenging libertarian values and principles across the globe, especially in Europe, in America, and in parts of Asia, but their influence is felt everywhere. They share a radical rejection of the ideas of reason, liberty, and the rule of law that animated the American Founding and are, indeed, the foundations of modernity. Those who prefer constitutionalism to dictatorship, free markets to cronyist or socialist statism, free trade to autarchy, toleration to oppression, and social harmony to irreconcilable antagonism need to wake up, because our cause and the prosperity and peace it engenders are in grave danger.

At least three symbiotic threats to liberty can be seen on the horizon: a) identity politics and the zero-sum political economy of conflict and aggression they engender; b) populism and the yearning for strongman rule that invariably accompanies it; and c) radical political Islamism. They share certain common intellectual fountainheads and form an interlocking network, energizing each other at the expense of the classical liberal consensus.”[…]

”It took decades, but a robustly anti-libertarian and anti-toleration movement on the left side of the spectrum has effectively taken over a great deal of academia in much of Europe, North America, and other countries. Their goal is to use administrative punishment, intimidation, and disruption to suppress all views that they consider incompatible with their vision. This movement is rooted in the writings of a German Marxist who studied under the Nazi theoretician Martin Heidegger. His name was Herbert Marcuse, and after he came to the United States he became very influential on the far left.”[…]

”The call for politically correct ”safe spaces” reserved for minorities is mirrored by white nationalists who call for affirming ”white identity” and a ”white nation.””[…]

”Populism often parallels the various forms of identity politics, but adds angry resentment of ”elites,” crackpot political economy, and a yearning for a leader who can focus the authentic will of the people.”[…]

”Radical Islamism mirrors some of the themes of the other anti-libertarian movements, including identity politics (the belief that the community of believers is at war with all infidels), authoritarian populist fears of threats to group identity and social status, and enthusiasm for charismatic leaders who will ”Make Islam Great Again.” Radical Islamism even shares with the far left and far right common intellectual roots in European fascist political ideology and collectivist ideas of ”authenticity.””

Läs hela rapporten här.

Här även en podcast där man kan lyssna på Palmer prata om detta.

Vidare i anslutning till detta, läs även Palmers artiklar om Martin Heidegger och Carl Schmitt, Martin Heidegger: Philosopher of Nazism and Other Collectivist Cults & Carl Schmitt: The Philosopher of Conflict Who Inspired Both the Left and the Right