Månadsarkiv: december 2009

Nazismens rötter

1982 publicerade den objektivistiske filosofen Leonard Peikoff boken The Ominous Parallells, där nationalsocialismens filosofiska rötter utreddes och vad de betyder för dagens USA. 2006 gav Stephen Hicks, filosofiprofessor vid Rockford College i Illinois, ut sin dokumentär Nietzsche and the Nazis som DVD, där nazismens filosofiska grund också utreds utifrån objektivistisk synvinkel. Hicks, som jag f.ö. har haft förmånen att träffa och som är en bra föreläsare, har nu börjat göra en transkription av DVD:n i textform. Kan läsas här (hela texten är inte klar än, men det är bara att gå in och kolla emellanåt).

Intressant är även denna samling av citat från ledande nazister och fascister som Hicks sammanställt. Jag hade själv en lista på sådana citat från tiden före dataåldern, dvs innan jag skaffade dator -99, men jag har letat förgäves efter den i byrålådorna. Därför är det bra att se flera av dem igen samlade.

Några exempel:

“National socialism is the determination to create a new man. There will no longer exist any individual arbitrary will, nor realms in which the individual belongs to himself. The time of happiness as a private matter is over.”
—Adolf Hitler

“[S]ocialism is sacrificing the individual to the whole.”
—Joseph Goebbels

On “the money pigs of capitalist democracy”: “Money has made slaves of us. “Money is the curse of mankind. It smothers the seed of everything great and good. Every penny is sticky with sweat and blood.”
—Joseph Goebbels

“The party is all-embracing. It rules our lives in all their breadth and depth. We must therefore develop branches of the party in which the whole of individual life will be reflected. Each activity and each need of the individual will thereby be regulated by the party as the representative of the general good. There will be no license, no free space, in which the individual belongs to himself. This is Socialism—not such trifles as the private possession of the means of production. Of what importance is that if I range men firmly within a discipline they cannot escape? Let them then own land or factories as much as they please. The decisive factor is that the State, through the party, is supreme over them, regardless whether they are owners or workers. All that, you see, is unessential. Our Socialism goes far deeper.”
—Adolf Hitler

“Besides, there is more that binds us to Bolshevism than separates us from it. There is, above all, genuine, revolutionary feeling, which is alive everywhere in Russia except where there are Jewish Marxists. I have always made allowance for this circumstance, and given orders that former Communists are to be admitted to the party at once. The petit bourgeois Social-Democrat and the trade-union boss will never make a National Socialist, but the Communist always will.”
— Adolf Hitler

“As regards the Liberal doctrines, the attitude of Fascism is one of absolute opposition both in the political and in the economical field.”
—Benito Mussolini

“Anti-individualistic, the Fascist conception of life stresses the importance of the State and accepts the individual only insofar as his interests as he coincides with those of the State … . It is opposed to classical liberalism which arose as a reaction to absolutism and exhausted its historical function when the State became the expression of the conscience and will of the people. Liberalism denied the State in the name of the individual; Fascism reasserts the rights of the State as expressing the real essence of the individual … Thus understood, Fascism is totalitarian, and the Fascist State—a synthesis and a unit inclusive of all values—interprets, develops, and potentiates the whole life of a people.”
“The Fascist State, as a higher and more powerful expression of personality, is a force, but a spiritual one. It sums up all the manifestations of the moral and intellectual life of man. Its functions cannot therefore be limited to those of enforcing order and keeping the peace, as the liberal doctrine had it.”
—Benito Mussolini