Månadsarkiv: juli 2009

4 juli

Idag är det den minnesdagen som inte minst amerikaner själva borde påminnas om dess egentliga innebörd. Med etatistiska presidenter som George W Bush och Barack Obama och ett republikanskt parti som är desorienterat, splittrat och oförmöget att anknyta till frihetliga idéer som Barry Goldwater på sin tid gjorde, finns det all anledning att återupptäcka USA:s libertarianska grund.

Självständighetsförklaringen

Av de 56 undertecknarna blev fem fångade av britterna och torterades innan de dog, tolv fick sina hem rannsakade och nedbrända, nio dog i revolutionskriget. De levde upp till slutorden i deklarationen, ”we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor”.

Thomas Jefferson skrev inför 50-årsminnet 4 juli 1826, det datum han med enastående symbolik avled:

”May it be to the world, what I believe it will be, (to some parts sooner, to others later, but finally to all,) the signal of arousing men to burst the chains under which monkish ignorance and superstition had persuaded them to bind themselves, and to assume the blessings and security of self-government. That form which we have substituted, restores the free right to the unbound exercise of reason and freedom of opinion. All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor favored a few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately, by the grace of God. These are grounds of hope for others. For ourselves, let the annual return of this day forever refresh our recollections of these rights, and an undiminished devotion to them.”

En av undertecknarna till självständighetsförklaringen, Samuel Adams, sa till de brittisktrogna Tories:

”If you love wealth more than liberty, the tranquility of servitude
better than the animating contest of freedom, depart from us in peace.
We ask not your counsel nor your arms. Crouch down and lick the hand
that feeds you. May your chains rest lightly upon you and may posterity
forget that you were our countrymen.”

Idag passar ölmärket Samuel Adams!

Uppdatering: John Adams i SVT

Läs även: Självständighetsförklaringen är ett unikt dokument

Annonser

Kuppen i Honduras

Honduras president Manuel Zelaya avsattes nyligen av militären. Flera, alltifrån EU till USA:s president, fördömer vad man menar är en statskupp.

Men vem var det egentligen som försökte göra statskupp? På DN:s ledarsida kommenteras Zelayas vänsterradikalisering och Venezuelas maktfullkomlige president Hugo Chavez. Däremot ges ingen bakgrund till vad som verkligen hände, än mindre på Sydsvenskans ledarsida.

I Wall Street Journal har Mary Anastasia O’Grady en intressant artikel om händelseförloppet. Jag är inte insatt i Honduras författning, men det finns anledning att tvivla på Zelayas legitimitet som president.

O’Grady:

”That Mr. Zelaya acted as if he were above the law, there is no doubt. While Honduran law allows for a constitutional rewrite, the power to open that door does not lie with the president. A constituent assembly can only be called through a national referendum approved by its Congress.

But Mr. Zelaya declared the vote on his own and had Mr. Chávez ship him the necessary ballots from Venezuela. The Supreme Court ruled his referendum unconstitutional, and it instructed the military not to carry out the logistics of the vote as it normally would do.”[…]

”Calculating that some critical mass of Hondurans would take his side, the president decided he would run the referendum himself. So on Thursday he led a mob that broke into the military installation where the ballots from Venezuela were being stored and then had his supporters distribute them in defiance of the Supreme Court’s order.

The attorney general had already made clear that the referendum was illegal, and he further announced that he would prosecute anyone involved in carrying it out. Yesterday, Mr. Zelaya was arrested by the military and is now in exile in Costa Rica.

It remains to be seen what Mr. Zelaya’s next move will be. It’s not surprising that chavistas throughout the region are claiming that he was victim of a military coup. They want to hide the fact that the military was acting on a court order to defend the rule of law and the constitution, and that the Congress asserted itself for that purpose, too.”[…]

”Honduras is fighting back by strictly following the constitution. The Honduran Congress met in emergency session yesterday and designated its president as the interim executive as stipulated in Honduran law. It also said that presidential elections set for November will go forward. The Supreme Court later said that the military acted on its orders. It also said that when Mr. Zelaya realized that he was going to be prosecuted for his illegal behavior, he agreed to an offer to resign in exchange for safe passage out of the country. Mr. Zelaya denies it.”

Även Tom Palmer har en kommentar:

”Imagine that George Bush, Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, Ronald Reagan or some other American president had decided to overturn the Constitution so that he could stay in power beyond the constitutionally limited time. To do that, he orders a nationwide referendum that is not constitutionally authorized and blatantly illegal. The Federal Election Commission rules that it is illegal. The Supreme Court rules that it is illegal. The Congress votes to strip the president of his powers and, as members of Congress are not that good at overcoming the president’s personally loyal and handpicked bodyguards, they send police and military to arrest the president. Now, which party is guilty of leading a coup?”

Uppdatering: Mer om kuppen i Honduras

Uppdatering II: Liberala Human Rights Foundation bringar klarhet i mycket som jag själv inte varit insatt i och får därmed revidera vad jag skrev ovan. Zelaya agerade författningsstridigt, men det fanns mekanismer att ställa honom inför rätta och avsätta honom fredligt utan att behöva genomföra statskuppen. Läs HRF:s pressmeddelande här samt en executive summary av deras rapport här.